「为无为~谢英俊建筑实践展」价值与观念分享(一)
 
"Acts without Effort ~ The Societal Architecture of Hsieh Ying Chun", sharing of value and concept (Section 1)
 
 
单线图:定义了抽象线条与真实世界间的关系,是有效的沟通与设计工具。 
 
Single Line Drawing: An efficient algorithm for communication and design that defines the functional relationshipof real world with abstract lines.
 
 
向传统工匠学习:传统木匠在施工时,并没有现代加工后笔直的木材可用,因此他们会在原木的两端截面以弹墨线的方式,建立出一条虚拟的中心线,再以此中心线放样并加工。依此经验,强化轻钢系统便是以「单线图」为基础的设计、生产、施工系统。
 
Learning from the traditional Chinese timber builders: At the time, when industrial straight-cut limber were not available, the traditional builders define a virtual central line by inking both ends of the crooked wooden logs. Based on recognizing these virtual lines, they then build and assemble houses.
 
 
单线图的应用:单线图的概念及应用,在不同时空背景及专业领域内都可找到它存在的脉胳。从传统木结构营建流程内,工匠师傅使用的单线图及建造过程中搭配的口诀和词汇;到近代专业分工下,房屋结构强度的设计与计算,都是使用类似的线条搭配文字,目的在于简化沟通的信息量。
 
Application of the Single Line: The concept of single line drawing and its application can be found throughout the history of construction. For constructing a traditional Chinese timber house, artisans communicated with a few drawn lines, phrases that define these lines and pithy slangs to communicate among wood workers and clients. In the modern times, structural analysis are also done based on simplified lines with necessary inform.
 
参数的载体:在强化轻钢系统下,单线图中单一线条的表达,可同时携带多种含义及参数,并依据不同使用目的转换。从设计调整房屋型式及长宽高、决定钢材断面规格以符合结构安全、明确料件生产长度、整体成本管控、搭建时材料相对位置关系等,都能在单线图的概念下进行。
  
Medium of the variables: In Reinforced Light-Gauge Steel Framing System, a line can simultaneously represents a variety of variables and definitions which can transform according to different application purposes. From adjustment to the designated dimensions, building forms, specification of the steel member for manufacture and cost control during the production and construction...etc, are all working under the framework of single line drawing.
 
 
有效沟通的语言:相对于现行营建体系下精细且繁复的建筑图说,单线图更可精准且普及地跨越不同群体、产业层级及专业领域,在彼此间形成一种有效的沟通基础和语言。同时,由于可运用此单线图的群体范围大且能高效沟通,营建过程中更可相互整合、协作并且有效地将经验累积及传承更新。
 
Basic and compatible language: In relation to current overly-complex and detailed construction drawings have the capacity to facilitate communication across a wide range of different disciplines, communities and industries. With a more generally recognizable and applicable language used by a wide range of groups, process and experience in construction and design can then be integrated and accumulated more systematically and cooperatively across generations.
 
 
 
「为无为~谢英俊建筑实践展」价值与观念分享(二)
 
"Acts without Effort ~ The Societal Architecture of Hsieh Ying Chun", sharing of value and concept (Section 2)
 
 
数码化:在电脑及电子资料的普及下,数位电子电路推进传统工业从机械和类比电路转化为数位技术所产生的科技革命。
 
Digital Revolution: A shift in industries from mechanic technology to electronic and digital technology, with the widespread of computer and digital information.
 
 
数字基础:从希腊数学家毕德哥拉斯(Pythagoras)起始,他便认为数学可以解择世界上一切事物。经过数千年科技文明发展,抽象数字语言逻辑的应用更是构成数码化革命必要的基础。数码化革命仰赖于电子计算机、个人电脑和微型处理器的发展,使运算效率得以上升至新的层级;同时依靠通迅技术的演进,造就了电脑网络、网际网路、无线传输…等技术,直到现今还遍布人类生活并不断持续地影响着人类的历史。
  
Mathematic Foundation: Greek mathematician Pythagoras considered mathematic as a way to explain everything on earth. Through thousands of years of technological development, the abstract mathematic language and revolution. Digital revolution continually flourish when development of computers, PCs and micro-processors took the efficiency of computation to another level. At the same time, with the advancement of communication technology such as the internet and wireless communication are continuously changing our history to the present day.
 
 
精准运算的语言:在电脑普及下,传统建筑行业内倚靠手工绘制图说,劳力密集且费时的工作,在搭配CAD电脑辅助设计(Computer Aided Design)二维制图工具后,降低建筑生产过程中所耗费的沟通成本与误差,并开启生产流程在自动化作业环境下的可能性。现行房屋工业体系内,数码化的应用仍仅止于图面绘制工具的效率提升、非量化高成本的建筑材料生产与建筑环境控制模拟计算等具体案例。在整合整体产业发展的前提下,少有相较于其他产业所能扩及的范围与有效量化的系统。
 
Precisionand Computation in language: With the popularization of personal computers, CAD(Computer Aided Design) replaced what used to be labor-intensive and time consuming architecture drafting and reduced the cost for error or communication. This advancement opens up the possibility of automatic production in the manufacturing of many different industries.However in the current housing industry, the application of digitalization mainly concentrates on the advancement of efficiency in drafting, material productionfor customized design at all cost and building environment modeling andcomputing...etc. Under the premise trying to systematically integrate the entire housing industry, few systems in architecture have the same capacity interms of scope and mass as systems in other industries.
 
 
数码化单线图:强化轻钢系统在数码化的基础上,一般图面原所携带较模糊的设计定义,被转化为可精准运算并且在数字规范下能更有效沟通的语言。不同于一般建筑行业内表达材料相对关系、具象却非精确现实的图面。强化轻钢系统克服了图像转化至现实后主要构件的精度问题。单一简化的线条在CAD环境下可同时定义出精准的轻钢构件长度、规格、断面以及其组合方式;于此同时,相同简化的线条,更是在方案发展、结构安全评估、构造材料结合、数量计算、预算成本控管…等各建筑发展阶段间,可同时平行运算的高精度沟通架构系统。
 
Digitalized single line drawing: Based upon digitalized working environment in Reinforced Light-Gauge Steel Framing System, typical construction drawings can be transformed as algorithm that can be computed and communicate more easily. Unlike construction drawings that are mainly representational for the purpose of communication among house builders, R.L.S.F overcomes the challenge of precision control when drawings transfer to the actual material specification and connection type of a steel member, but it can also be used for design development, structural analysis, material detailing, quantity calculation and budget control in many phases of design and construction process, parallel and precise.
 
 
2016年芬兰Aavaranta难民安置区,以简化的放样及组构方式带领难民团体组建木构架。
 
In 2016, Hsieh demonstrate how to layout and assemble timber frame with single line design to the community of Aavaranta refugee settlement of Finland