「为无为~谢英俊建筑实践展」价值观念分享(三)
"Acts without Effort ~ The Societal Architecture of Hsieh Ying Chun", sharing of value and Concept (Section 3)
 
 
强化轻钢结构系统:由工厂预制、螺栓固定、搭配水泥灌注以增加抗压强度的镀锌冷弯薄壁型钢结构框架。
 
Reinforced Light-Gauge Steel Frame: A prefabricated steel framing system connected by bolts and nuts, reinforcing by concrete infill to enhance its compressive strength.
 
  
结构特性:轻钢框架结构是由轻钢梁柱构成,以框架内主柱和次柱共同承担竖向荷载,并以斜向支撑抵抗侧向力(水平风力及水平地震力)及增加稳定性。搭配水泥砂浆抗压的特性,灌注水泥后的柱体可大幅增加其本身的结构稳定性。框架内主要构件连续且不间断,并由螺栓连结固定以抵抗节点剪力。轻钢框架在单一结构料件的构成上,足以提供基本居住空间使用上的结构需求。如遇大跨度需求,可利用钢材高抗拉的特性,将单一结构料件组合为桁架系统。
 
Structural Characteristics: It constituted of light-gauge steel members as posts and beams. The major columns take the role of vertical load bearing members while the diagonal supports resists lateral loads such as wind load and horizontal seismic force. When reinforced with concrete infill, steel members perform with a better stability in resisting compression compare to usual steel structure. The main structures are connected by bolts as continuous steel members while most of the connections considered as hinges taken in shear forces. Light-gauge steel frame as one uniform structural materials has the capability to satisfied the structural needs for ordinary dwellings, while assembled trusses can fulfill the needs for greater span.
 
 
结构体系:强化轻钢系统使用的原材料高强度镀锌冷弯薄壁钢材厚度介于1.5毫米至3毫米间,承袭了类似于中国传统木结构的梁柱结构体系,柱梁连续且柱间距较大,不易受墙体作法限制。不同于国际间发展出的板墙式结构体系,使用的钢材厚度约介于0.1毫米至0.8毫米间,是采用密肋式轻钢龙骨型成的承重墙面以楼层分隔,并以斜向交叉支撑作为抵抗侧向力。
 
Structural System: The structural members are cold formed from thin sheets of galvanized steel in a thickness between 1.5 to 3.0 mm. It inherited similar post and beam structural system from the Chinese traditional timber framing, with continuous structural members and a greater column spacing, allowing flexibility in the construction of walls.
 
 
 
生产与组装:构件由镀锌钢卷裁切冷弯成型,材质稳定均匀,构件加工精确度高,有利于大量生产与质量确保,镀锌防锈保护层,耐候性佳。钢材可预制成多样的断面规格,并依据不同的需求弹性组合使用。由螺栓连结的锁固方式,更确保了现场施工简易、迅速且易管理的特性。
 
Manufacture and Assembly: Steel members are cold-rolled and formed as different types of section, with advantages from steel as a very stable material in manufacturing. Steel performs great in the precision of metalworking for mass production and quality control, while the galvanized coating protects steel members against weathering. The sectional variety associated with different structural characteristics allows a big range of combinations according to different needs. Constructed by simpler fixtures like nuts and bolts, the construction process becomes much easier, faster and way more cost-effective in supervision and management.
 
 
 
「为无为~谢英俊建筑实践展」价值观念分享(四)
 
"Acts without Effort ~ The Societal Architecture of Hsieh Ying Chun", sharing of value and Concept (Section 4)
 
 
开放建筑系统:考虑不同的地域、文化、社会经济、科技工艺等条件下,容许人造建构环境,随时间弹性变化的构筑系统。
 
Open Building Approach: An open framework that respects regional, cultural, socio-economical and technological conditions allowing alternations and modifications done to the built-in environment through time.
 
 
支架与填充:开放建筑的设计方法是以「层级」概念,将设计任务区分为「支撑体」(support)与「填充物」(infill)上下两种层级的对话。「支撑体」是指属于公共的、不易变动或不希望变动的主要构件;「填充物」则是指属于私有的、可呈现多元性或可依使用需求调整的次要构件。在强化轻钢系统内,主要构件为轻钢框架本身,确保了建筑结构本身的合理性与安全性;次要构件则是依据不同的地域环境和使用需求,所搭配现有的建房材料及工艺技术。
 
Skeleton and Infill: Open building approach is based on the concept of dividing design tasks into two different hierarchy, “support” and “infill”. Support refers to main components that are public, limited to alternation orconstant; whereas infill stands for sub-components that are privately own, diverse and compatible with changes made by time. Under the premise of RLGS, the “supports” are made with the light gauge steel framework, ensuring adequate and safe structure, while allowing various “infills” to attach such as local craftsmanship, scavenged local materials and spatialneeds.
 
 
 
结构与空间:强化轻钢构件本身相较于一般钢筋混凝土框架、重型钢构等常见的结构构件,有其轻量易搬运、组装拆卸容易、施工技术门槛低、材料成本低廉等特性。为回应长久居住下所产生空间及结构上调整的需求,此系统提供了居民以低廉的成本搭配简单的技术自行调整或扩建其居所的弹性。
 
Structure to Space: RLGS components have a handful of advantages comparing to easily-seen structure systems such as R.C. or hot-formed steel. It can be easily transported, assembled and dismantled. It requires minimum technical professionals and made with very economical materials. To respond to the needs for adjusting structure and space under the circumstance to sustain a lifespan of habitation, the system provides the inhabitants the flexibility to expand and adjust with ordinary and available techniques.
 
 
 
构造与材料:面对不同的地域及物理环境条件,强化轻钢系统所搭配的建筑构造除考虑基本的功能性外,也必须将简化构法、组件系统化、多样化等设计准则含括在内。简化构法,是尽量以现有市场组件为组成,不刻意开发特殊构件的方式,让一般民众在不经过特别训练的情况下仍能参与组装施作。组件系统化则是提供构造组成的可逆性,藉由回收且更新部份材料的方式延长及维护组件的使用。构造多样化的成立,在于必须考虑当地现有的建房材料及传统工艺技术如何合理的与轻钢系统结合,以使在单一简单的轻钢原型下仍能结合多样的工艺及材料。
 
Materials Compatibility: Under different premises of the local physical environment, RLGS can be combine with material components to provide basic adequate function. At the same time, the construction must be simplified, systematized in to componentsand with the consideration of diversity. The simplification of construction process requires using readily-existed components in the market, limited the cost in developing new and special component, to allow common residents to participate in the construction process without special training. Systematized building components provides the reversibility of materials through recycle and renew partial materials for the longevity and maintenance of the building materials. The diversity of building component is established on the consideration of how to combine local materials with traditional craftsmanship with a simple and unified steel frame prototype.