「为无为~谢英俊建筑实践展」价值观念分享(五)
 
"Acts without Effort ~ The Societal Architecture of Hsieh Ying Chun", sharing of value and Concept (Section 5)
 
 
 
適用科技:是以简单、小规模、劳力密集、善用能源、环境友善且本地自主的方式,实现一般依靠资本密集式的先进技术才可达成目的的替代性选择。
 
Appropriate Technology: Simple, small-scaled, labor-intensive, energy-efficient, environmental friendly and locally autonomous technological alternative in respond to the capital-intensive and high-end technology.
 
 
 
適用性:适用科技又称为适用技术、中间技术或简单技术,是一种意识形态的运动和宣言,大多实践于开发中或未开发的国家。它强调在以人为本的前提下,为解决大部份人的基本生活需求,提供一个在先进技术选择中,能更充分的考虑环境与社会整体脉络,小规模、高能效、本地自主、且环境友善的科技选项。
 
Compatibility: Appropriate technology is also called intermediate technology or simple technology. It is an ideological movement and manifesto mostly practiced in the developing countries. Appropriate technology stands to provide technological alternatives that meet the ordinary needs whichis small-scaled, highly-effective, local, autonomous and environmental friendlyin consideration of both the environment and social-economic condition.
 
 
 
劳力参与:简单技术降低参与的门槛,扁平化空间范围内的劳力价值,除去专业技术门槛下的限制,使青壮年到老弱妇孺都可参与其中,劳力的参与程度得以最大化。面对在历经灾难后仍在恢复中的群体亦或是传统农村里农闲时剩余的劳动力,简单技术提供了有效整合并且利用小区劳动力的解决方式,使得居民参与、协力互助、小区区域经济、凝聚小区主体意识等概念得以实现。
 
Maximum Participation: The simplification of technique reduce barrier in the participation of ordinary people. It flattens the value of labor in a certain area, reducing technical boundaries in a highly professional setting. By allowing participation from young adults to elderly and weak, it maximizes the participation of labor, especially in the circumstance of post-disaster recovery and idle labor power during the recessed season of the traditional peasant community. To integrate labors effectively within a community, the simplification of techniques allows residents to participate, help one another and coheres the sense of community.
 
 
简化工法:在强化轻钢结构系统的营建体系中,适用科技的实践在各个层面都不断地被整合于系统内。主要构件钢材的生产及加工过程,可使用现行市场内普遍的电动或手工具,以简化易懂的生产流程确保质量及精准度;钢构框架的组装方式则仅以简化的线条图纸即可沟通,并且从人力到机具都可以搭配施工;系统组件化后的房屋构造更适以当地既成的工法及材料,使构筑过程中的沟通更加精简顺畅,大幅地增加多方参与的机会。
 
Simplification of Construction: The idea of appropriate technology is integrated into the different levels of RLGS construction system. In the process of production and manufacture, even common electronic tools or hand tools can beutilized with easily-understood standard process ensuring the quality and precision. The method of construction is communicated through simple line drawing and can be assembled with only man power or regular machinery. Systematized components are made with local technology and materials, making building process easy and smooth. 
 
 
 
「为无为~谢英俊建筑实践展」价值观念分享(六)
 
"Acts without Effort ~ The Societal Architecture of Hsieh Ying Chun", sharing of value and Concept (Section 6)
 
 
 
可持续建筑:以重建及维护自然与人造建构环境间的平衡为目标,肯定人类尊严及其价值并且追求经济平等的居住模式。
 
Sustainable Architecture: Habitation which reconstructs and maintains the balance between nature and built-in environment, with consideration of human dignity and economic equality.
 
 
 
全球性:1998年国际建筑与营造研发联盟(CIB: International Council for Research andInnovation in Building and Construction) 拟定了可持续建筑在全球尺度下,传统营建体系面对全球性生态环境、社会、文化、经济等问题所应考虑的范畴。
 
Global Context: In the agenda drafted by the CIB (International Council for Research andInnovation in Building and Construction) in 1998, criteria regarding the environment, society, culture and economics were addressed as crucial consideration in the traditional construction process under the global context.
 
 
 
永续的环境经济社会:环境的永续,考虑人类居住环境的生活质量、生态环境的维持与平衡、自然资源的有效利用、及维护生态系间稳定和谐的关系。可持续的经济建立在自主且非依赖性的营造体系,利用剩余的劳动力从事材料加工与房屋兴建,就地取材降低对主流市场的依赖,简化生产设备以减少资本的投入。社会文化的永续在于强调公平与正义,尊重每一个人的工作权、生存权。透过居民参与、协力互助、集体劳动,建立小区主体意识,保持文化多样性。
 
Sustainable socio-economic environment: Sustainability considers the living quality ofhuman habitation, preservation and balance of the natural environment, effective use of natural resources and the stability of ecosystem. The sustainable economic is established on the autonomous and unreliable construction system by utilizing the excess labor force in the construction process of building. Using locally sourced building materials can minimize dependence on mainstream market, while simplified production equipment reduce the investmentof capital. In respect to the right to work and live for each person, sustainability in the society is established on the social equality andjustice. Through participation, cooperative building and collective working, sense of community and diversity of culture can be sustained.
 
 
 
部落及乌托邦:部落文化是人类文明的母体,相较于部落万年的演进,人类文明却仅止于千年间的历史。在过去实际进行的案例中,部落文化仍现存于大部份的少数民族中。部落小区集体意识仍能从921震后重建(日月潭邵族)、88水灾重建(排湾、布农、鲁凯族)、汶川震后重建(羌族、藏族)、西藏牧民定居房(藏族)、四川凉山新农村建设(彝族)…等群体中窥见其脉络。现代人类智能的演化还跟不上其文明的发展速度,理想社会乌托邦的解答都指向了仍存在我们文化母体中来自部落的智慧。
 
Tribe and Utopia: Tribal culture is the origin of human civilization. Comparing to the million-years of tribal evolution, human civilization history only lasts for thousands of years. In most of the cases of our practice, tribal culture is still existing in most of the minority aboriginal community. From the 921 earthquake reconstruction of Thao, 88 flood reconstruction of Payuan, Bunun and Rukai, Qiang, Tibetan and Yi from the reconstruction in China, are all communities coexisted with the tribal culture. The evolution of modern human intelligence is still running behind with the speed of their technological development. The solution towards Utopia resides in the wisdom of tribal culture, the mother of all the culture.