「为无为~谢英俊建筑实践展」价值观念分享(七)
 
"Acts without Effort ~ The Societal Architecture of Hsieh Ying Chun", sharing of value and Concept (Section 7)
 
 
建筑产业4.0 Architecture:旨在透过数码与网络技术,使建筑产业各方资源角色开放地相互协作,同时结合消费端,形成未来产销一体的平台。
 
Construction Industry 4.0: Built on current digital and internet technology, a platform which integrates consumers and architecture service providers within the industry, allowing various resources and roles work cooperatively and effectively.
 
 
 
工业4.0:现行「工业4.0」的认知,在于制造过程的电脑数位化,着重将现有的工业技术、销售与产品体验统合,建立为具有适应性、高效率的智慧工厂。在商业流程中更可整合客户以及合作伙伴,提供完善的售后服务。「物联网」结合了实体对象与其感知技术,在对象彼此间形成一个可互动的网络。在商业运作之下,即可利用对象所产生的大量数据进行演算与评估,进而提升其效率及影响力。
 
Industry 4.0: The current understanding of industry 4.0 is limited to the digitalization of the production process. By combining latest technology with user experience and market management, an adaptive and effective smart factory is made possible. Onthe business side, by integrating customers and partners, complete and well-operated customer service can be provided. The “Internet of Things” combines physical objects with sensory technology, forming an interactive network between objects. When operated within certain business model, these massive data thus can be calculated and evaluated to increase productivity and effectively.
 
 
建筑产业整合:建筑与营造专业领域内所涉及的社会经济面向多元且复杂,从一般人日常的生活模式,到社会政经条件下对于建筑集体意义与象征的投射,都是造成现代建筑产业至始仍处于封闭传统且单一线性发展的原因。建筑营造产业内所缺乏的,是一个能打破现有封闭结构、具有开放性、并整合产业链的机制。从使用者、设计者、材料生产者、销售方、地产开发者到政府决策者…等等各方角色,要如何使各专业及资源能在一个共有的平台上串联协作,将会是建筑产业所必须面对的首要问题。
 
Integration ofindustry: The architecture and construction industry is operated under a very complicated and diverse socio-economic condition. From the definition of ordinary lifestyle to the current collective social and symbolic projection and interpretation to building and houses, these are all essential influences that affect the modern architecture industry to be developed towards a more monotonous and traditional path. What is missing is an industrial agency which breaks down the closed structural hierarchy and providesan integrated open platform which links to users, designers, material manufacturers, dealers, real estate developers and governmental decision makers. Finding a way to integrates all the professionals and resources to work cooperatively on one platform, will be the primary question current industry must face.
 
 
 
开放的平台:在强化轻钢系统的技术支持以及秉持建筑专业作为的基础之下,一个整合各方专业资源并且容许彼此协作的开放平台便可建立起来。善用设计者的创造力、有效地回应使用者的需求、提供材料生产者可精准依附的结构体,以及平台内销售方依据的市场判断机制…等,此开放平台将大幅地降低现行房屋工业产业链内巨大的间接成本,并创造出多样化、客制化更可同时量化的产品及服务。
 
Open Platform: With the technological support and respect of professions within the R.L.G.S. system, a platform can be established, allowing diverse professions and resources to work cooperatively and smoothly. Creativity from designers can beutilized effectively in response to the needs of users, precise and flexible building structures can allow material manufacturers to attach to with little waste, and flexible market models can provide dealers to adapt and profit from. This open platform aims to decrease the massive indirect cost which exist in most of the current building industry and can at the same time provide much more diverse, customized but mass-produced products and services.
 
 
 
 
「为无为~谢英俊建筑实践展」价值观念分享(八)
 
"Acts without Effort ~ The Societal Architecture of Hsieh Ying Chun", sharing of value and Concept (Section 8)
 
 
 
物件导向设计:旨在以系统化、正规化的方式将建筑设计思考和生成的思维,转化为严谨逻辑架构下精准且明确的沟通及设计操作语言。
 
Objected-Oriented Design: Aims to systematize and normalize the architecture design process and transfer it into a rigorous and precise language that can be communicated and operated among designers.
 
 
 
 
物件导向程序开发:物件导向设计一般定义为一种在「物件」概念下程序开发的思维过程。「物件」作为程序的基本单元,同时携带着数据资料以及处理程序, 而「物件界面」则定义了与此物件互动的范围及规则。「物件」的特性在于其所携带的处理程序可以取用或是修改与其所关联的数据,在物件导向程序设计中,处理程序是以多个「物件」与定义彼此互动关系而组成的。
 
Objected Oriented Design: Objected Oriented Design, or OOD, is a programming design process under the concept of ‘object’. ‘Object’ as the basic unit in programing carries data and procedures. The ‘object interface’ defines the interactive boundaries and rules between different objects. The characteristic of ‘object’ is that the procedures it carries can associate and modify related data within the groups of many other objects. In OOD, the programming is formed by multiple ‘objects’ and their interactions with one another.
 
 
 
建筑设计下的物件:为了让电脑像人脑一样运作,必须先提供有限的讯息以便运算并办识出客体。在建筑设计过程中最容易辨认的一些拥有重复性、规律性、原则性的东西,可先称之为「物件」。而当要重构一个主体时,并能以操作一些「物件」使其建构出来。例如川西民居常见的穿斗式构架,就是一个非常有效的物件,它可以有效地在一定范围内的结构体系与营建模式中,依据不同的使用需求以及基地情况达到不同的变化。在建筑设计里的「物件」必须完善各种的条件,如材料特性、结构特性、空间特性、构造关系、使用习惯…等等,才能成为一个强效的物件。
 
OOD in Architecture Design: For computer to design like a human brain, limited information is fed for it to identify ‘object’ with algorithmic calculation. In the context of architecture design, some of the most recognizable elementsthat are repetitive, regular and primary can be organized as ‘objects’. A subject can be reconstructed with the manipulation and association of these ‘objects’. For example, the traditional Chinese post and lintel construction in West Sichuan is an example of a very effective object. Within its structural properties and construction method, it can adapt to various spatial requirements and site environment. An effective ‘object’ in architecture design has to fulfill different requirements such as material, structural, spatial characteristics, user experience and adequate building details.
 
 
 
边界条件/参数/接口:介于程序设计工程师与建筑师之间的物件导向设计中,建筑师能够使用的「物件」有三个条件:边界条件、参数以及接口。边界条件定义了物件是何物,它必须要有能调动变量的参数,而物件与物件间则以接口相互影响结合。藉由物件导向概念转化建筑设计中的逻辑,便能在专业间形成一套共通且精准的语言,并以此工具彼此协作、累积经验。建筑设计过程中所面对的条件繁复且层级牵涉广泛,尝试以物件导向设计将是一个庞杂耗大的工程,需要逐步谨慎的尝试且细腻的优化完善。
 
Condition/Variables/Interface: ‘Object’ as adesign tool for architecture designers can be simplified into three properties: condition, variables and interface. ‘Condition’ defines the boundary of an object, while ‘variables’ within is made adjustable and ‘interface’ allows objects to work with other objects. By transforming the OOD concept into the architecture design process, a precise communicative language can be formed andutilized cooperatively between professions thus experience can be accumulated effectively. The parametric condition within the process of architecture designis rather complicated and with extensive hierarchal implications. The attempt to implement OOD design in architecture will be a massive and challenging process that requires gradual and sophisticated optimization to achieve.
 
 
有效的载体:建筑设计思考能有效的在强化轻钢系统基础下转化为物件导向,源自于此系统是一个精准有效且简化的「载体」。单一线条除了可对应完善的结构系统、生产及营建机制及建筑复杂的客体,更可以在简化后的线条间产生有效且明确的对应关系,使设计能在不同层级下同步运算生成。
 
Efficient Vehicle: The reason OOD can be effectively implement into architecture design process is because the R.L.G.S. system is a precise and simplified vehicle. For a simple line in the system, it not only associates with certain structural properties, production mechanism and the complicated architectural design decisions, but also forms a physical relationship between abstract and reality, allowing design to be operated under different scales and phases of design, parallel and precisely.